DID YOU KNOW…

Need help in identifying a particular hand plane or just want to ask a general question about planemaking, collecting or using handplanes? Sign up to our Handplane Forum and we’ll do our best to help you out. You can even find us on Twitter and Facebook too.


Wooden Plane Making: Cutting Beech Plane-Stocks


Print Friendly, PDF & Email

When it comes to cutting and making the main body stock of a wooden hand plane its important to realize the fundamentals of planemaking. It goes without saying that wood is a very accommodating and expressive material, and its always on the move in one way or another. The maker, or restorer, needs to be aware of the working properties of a particular piece of wood to better understand its strengths and weaknesses. When it comes to plane making, choosing the right piece of wood for its stability and wearing abilities is paramount, for it can mean the difference between a tool that works well and one that never seems to be quite right in the hands of the user. While many woods have been used in making planes over the centuries there is one timber that is a standout -- beechwood. The best stock typically comes from the English forests, such as High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire for instance. The following article on selecting and using beech for plane making was first printed in "The Woodworker" magazine in 1912.

Cutting Beech Plane-Stocks

Plane-makers are usually glad to get good white, straight-grained beech, for plane stocks. One concern, the Gage Tool Co., Vineland, N.J., has repeatedly advertised in this journal for such wood. The accompanying engraving shows the method of sawing plane-stokes from the log, as used by that company.

Wooden Plane Making

Fig. 1 represents the end of a beech or apple wood log, from which are sawed 3-1/2 or 4 inch planks, represented by B, taken at right angles from each other. The remaining triangular shaped pieces are then sawed into planks as represented by C, D and E, F representing a portion of the waste. B, Fig. 2, represents one of the planks as it appears after removing from the log, before sawing into stocks, with the circles of annular growth as near as possible at right angles to the sides of the plank.

Fig. 3 represents a plane-stock as sawed from B, Fig. 2. Fig. 4 shows the end of the plane-stock with its circles of annular growth parallel with top and bottom of plane, and at right angles to its sides.

For planes only the white or sap portion of white beech is used. Apple-wood also is used. An immense amount of beech and apple wood goes to waste every year, which might be turned to a better use. The waste in sawing logs for plane-stocks is just as valuable for firewood as would be the whole log sawed up. Slabs from beech logs where thick enough, are just as valuable for planes -- in fact more so -- than any other part of the timber. Near the butt part of the tree the growth is rapid, and here the slab is thickest, and from this part come the best plane-stocks. -- The Woodworker.

Last Updated: May 9, 2015 @ 11:07 pm

Stanley 3 Smooth Plane 13 4in 1 12 003
Stanley 3 Smooth Plane 13 4in 1 12 003 EUR 70,84
Verbleibende Zeit: 6h 4m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 70,84
Schiffshobel 113 Stanley Lizenzbau Edelwei Circular Plane 113
Schiffshobel 113 Stanley Lizenzbau Edelwei Circular Plane 113 EUR 99,00
Verbleibende Zeit: 9h 6m
Stanley Double Plane Iron 23 8in 1 12 325
Stanley Double Plane Iron 23 8in 1 12 325 EUR 24,82
Verbleibende Zeit: 10h 27m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 24,82
The Marshall Plan A retrospective Hoffmann Stanley and Charles Maier
The Marshall Plan A retrospective Hoffmann Stanley and Charles Maier EUR 97,00
Verbleibende Zeit: 18h 35m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 97,00
Stanley Kit 4 Bailey Plane Frog 1 3 4in 1 12 703
Stanley Kit 4 Bailey Plane Frog 1 3 4in 1 12 703 EUR 29,54
Verbleibende Zeit: 1d 9h 31m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 29,54
Stanley Single Plane Iron 2inch 0 12 313
Stanley Single Plane Iron 2inch 0 12 313 EUR 16,48
Verbleibende Zeit: 1d 9h 31m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 16,48
Stanley No 4 2 Smooth Plane 1 12 004
Stanley No 4 2 Smooth Plane 1 12 004 EUR 67,40
Verbleibende Zeit: 2d 9h 32m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 67,40
Stanley H1204 Handyman Plane 1 12 204
Stanley H1204 Handyman Plane 1 12 204 EUR 55,88
Verbleibende Zeit: 2d 9h 32m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 55,88
Stanley 7 Jointer Plane 23 8in 1 12 007
Stanley 7 Jointer Plane 23 8in 1 12 007 EUR 128,70
Verbleibende Zeit: 2d 9h 32m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 128,70
Stanley 41 2 Smooth Plane 23 8in 1 12 045
Stanley 41 2 Smooth Plane 23 8in 1 12 045 EUR 71,21
Verbleibende Zeit: 2d 9h 33m
Sofort-Kaufen für nur: EUR 71,21

css.php