DID YOU KNOW…

Making planes can be a difficult task, but the most difficult part is actually finding good information on planemaking and how to go about it. Handplane Central simplifies the process somewhat by providing a wealth of information and various tips and tricks on making planes, as well as the tools and materials necessary for planemaking (and how to make the plane making tools themselves in some instances).


Timbers Used For Pattern Making


Print Friendly, PDF & Email

When it comes to making the patterns used for castings, there are some fundamental attributes that need to be considered. Woods chosen for this purpose should be straight, and evenly grained, sufficiently dry and most importantly, dimensionally stable - with only a small amount of movement in service. Other requirements are that the timber should be easy enough to work and shape, and that it glues readily.

There are generally no complicated woodworking joints in patternmaking as most pieces are simply butt jointed, with white or yellow P.V.A. glue. Traditional woods used in patternmaking are yellow pine, ( Pinus strobus ) also known as white pine, Brazilian or Honduras mahogany (Swietenia mahogani and Swietenia macrophylla respectively ), cherry ( Prunus avium ) maple ( Acer campestre ), and birch ( Betula alba ). Yellow pine was often the preferred timber for pattern making, unless several castings had to be made from the same pattern, in which the stronger and more durable mahoganies excelled. Mahogany was also chosen over yellow pine for patterns that required fine detail, as its strength was not as compromised in thinner sections.

More recently it's been common practice to use jelutong ( Dyera costulata ) as a patternmaking timber. This is largely due to the increasing costs of yellow pine. jelutong works perfectly fine and is available in reasonably large sections.

It is also a good idea to protect the pattern with paint or varnish. This helps to inhibit the absorption of moisture from the damp molding sand or even the atmosphere itself. This is especially important for patterns intended for repeated use.

Stanley Bedrock Bed Rock No 604 Type 3 Smooth Bottom Bench Plane
Stanley Bedrock Bed Rock No 604 Type 3 Smooth Bottom Bench Plane $114.50 (10 Bids)
Time Remaining: 2h 23m
Stanley Bedorck Bed Rock Type 3 605 plane
Stanley Bedorck Bed Rock Type 3 605 plane $75.00
Time Remaining: 2h 31m
Buy It Now for only: $185.00
STANLEY BEDROCK 605C CORRUGATED TYPE 3 PLANE 1900 1908 RESTORED
STANLEY BEDROCK 605C CORRUGATED TYPE 3 PLANE 1900 1908 RESTORED $145.00
Time Remaining: 3h 10m
Buy It Now for only: $145.00
Stanley Bedrock 605 1 2 plane iron second SW
Stanley Bedrock  605 1 2 plane iron second SW $39.00
Time Remaining: 3h 59m
Buy It Now for only: $39.00
Stanley Plane Part Frog Screw Pin Set for Bedrock 603 604 605 606 607 608 8742
Stanley Plane Part Frog Screw Pin Set for Bedrock 603 604 605 606 607 608 8742 $14.99
Time Remaining: 4h 2m
Buy It Now for only: $14.99
Stanley Plane Part Frog Screw Pin Set for Bedrock 603 604 605 606 607 608 8745
Stanley Plane Part Frog Screw Pin Set for Bedrock 603 604 605 606 607 608 8745 $14.99
Time Remaining: 4h 2m
Buy It Now for only: $14.99
Stanley Plane Part Frog Screw Pin Set for Bedrock 603 604 605 606 607 608 8744
Stanley Plane Part Frog Screw Pin Set for Bedrock 603 604 605 606 607 608 8744 $14.99
Time Remaining: 4h 2m
Buy It Now for only: $14.99
STANLEY 2 S2 BAILEY PLANE IRON FITS No4 5 604 605 9 24 26 35 Bedrock NOS VTG
STANLEY 2 S2 BAILEY PLANE IRON FITS No4 5 604 605 9 24 26 35 Bedrock NOS VTG $42.24
Time Remaining: 4h 11m
Buy It Now for only: $42.24
Stanley No 603 Bedrock Smooth Plane
Stanley No 603 Bedrock Smooth Plane $170.00 (11 Bids)
Time Remaining: 4h 30m
EARLY STANLEY RL CO BEDROCK NO606 PLANE APR 2 95
EARLY STANLEY RL CO BEDROCK NO606 PLANE APR 2 95 $79.99
Time Remaining: 7h